Eyelid Tumors

In Stockton, we’re out in the sun a ton. With that sun exposure comes increased chances of developing skin cancer. But when we think of skin cancer, most of us look at our arms, our back, our nose, our legs, maybe even our scalp. The goal is to spot suspicious-looking growths that are either skin cancer or precursors to skin cancer.

When was the last time you checked your eyelids?

Eyelid tumors are more common than you think. While most of these tumors and lesions are benign, involving the sweat glands, oil glands, eyelash follicles, and skin elements, some eyelid tumors are malignant and need to be removed. The most common malignant eyelid tumor is the basal cell carcinoma form of skin cancer.

The team at Central Valley Eye Medical Group can successfully remove these tumors and maintain proper function of the patient’s eyelid.

What are the most common types of eyelid cancer?

Think about it — our eyelids are exposed to the sun just about all the time, and we usually don’t put sunscreen on them to avoid getting it in our eyes. So, it shouldn’t be surprising that they develop skin cancer. In fact, around 90 percent of all eyelid cancers are basal cell carcinoma skin cancer. Fortunately, eyelid cancer is generally categorized as epithelial tumors, meaning they are on the outer surface of the eyelid.

  • Basal cell carcinomasare located under the squamous cells in the lower epidermis. Basal cells make up 80 percent of all skin cancers. They usually appear on the lower eyelid.
  • Squamous cell carcinomascan also form on the eyelids. They form on the top layer of the epidermis, the squamous cells. Far less common, this form of skin cancer grows more aggressively to nearby tissues.
  • Sebaceous carcinomais not a skin cancer, but this is the second most common cancer of the eyelids. It usually starts in the meibomian glands that secrete a fatty fluid that lubricates the eyes. Sebaceous carcinoma usually occurs on the upper eyelid.

Surgical options to remove eyelid tumors

At Central Valley Eye Medical Group, we can remove most eyelid tumors, although for more complex surgeries we may opt to send you to a specialist.  Generally, there are three surgical options when removing eyelid tumors, whether cancerous or benign. These surgeries are usually immediately followed by reconstructive surgery to maintain eyelid function and aesthetic appearance.

  • Biopsy— When a tumor is biopsied to find out if it is cancerous, it can be either incisional (taking part of the tumor) or excisional (taking the entire tumor). If the growth turns out to be benign, excisional biopsy may be all that’s needed.
  • Mohs surgery— Mohs surgery is used whenever possible due to the delicate characteristics of the eyelids. When using Mohs surgery, our surgeons remove the visible eyelid tumor, along with fragments of the healthy skin at the tumor edge. This edge tissue is then immediately examined under a microscope to see if still contains any cancer cells. If cancer cells are still present, an additional ring of tissue is removed until cancerous cells no longer are present.
  • Cryosurgery— While this isn’t surgery involving a scalpel, cryosurgery can be an effective method of removing tumors without removing additional tissue. Cryosurgery uses liquid nitrogen to freeze and kill cancer cells. The frozen cells and skin blister and peel off.

If you wonder about a growth on your eyelid, please make an appointment and come see us at Central Valley Eye Medical Group. Call for an appointment, (800) 244-9907.

Posted in: Orbital Tumors and Cancer


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Dear Friends,

We at Central Valley Eye hope you and your families are well. With COVID-19 infections continuing to rise, we are taking all necessary precautions to keep patients and staff healthy as we continue to provide the eye care that our community needs:
  • Whenever appropriate, we are rescheduling any patients with cough or cold symptoms
  • We have adjusted our schedule to decrease the number of patients in our waiting rooms. You can expect on average between zero and one patient to be in the waiting room at any given time.
  • We have increased our already strict sanitizing practices to extend into the waiting areas and halls.
  • Whenever appropriate, we are diverting visits to telemedicine (by cell phone, tablet, laptop, or desktop). Please contact us for further details at 209-952-3700.

    Additionally, some of our office locations may be closed on certain days. If you are unsure whether to come in for your visit, please call us.

    The doctors at Central Valley Eye will not be performing any non-urgent surgeries until further notice. Our surgery coordinators will be contacting patients to reschedule the surgeries that need to be postponed.

    If you have any questions, please do not hesitate to contact us at 209-952-3700.

    Warmest regards,

    Brandy Simpson
    Practice Manager
    Central Valley Eye Medical Group, Inc.