Corneal Disease

Corneal Disease Stockton | Manteca CA

The cornea is the clear front window of the eye. It transmits light to the interior of the eye allowing us to see clearly. Corneal disease is a serious condition that can cause clouding, distortion and eventually blindness. There are many types of corneal disease. The three major types are keratoconus, Fuchs’ endothelial dystrophy and bullous keratopathy.

FAQ


Symptoms of Corneal Disease

  • With keratoconus, as the cornea protrudes or steepens, vision becomes increasingly blurred and contact lens wear, which is often an early treatment for the disease, becomes difficult. The contact lens may not stay on the eye due to the irregular shape of the cornea.
  • A person with Fuchs’ endothelial dystrophy or bullous keratopathy may first notice glare with lights at night or in bright sunlight. As these conditions progress, vision may be foggy or blurry in the morning and clear up as the day progresses. As the diseases further progress, vision will stay blurrier later into the day and eventually may not clear at all.
  • Some corneal diseases can be very painful.

Keratoconus is a weakening and thinning of the central cornea. The cornea develops a cone-shaped deformity. Progression can be rapid, gradual or intermittent. Keratoconus usually occurs in both eyes, but can occur in only one eye.

Fuchs’ endothelial dystrophy is a hereditary abnormality of the inner cell layer of the cornea called the endothelium. The purpose of this layer is to pump fluids out of the cornea, keeping it thin and crystal clear. When the endothelium is not healthy, fluids are not pumped out and the cornea develops swelling, causing it to become cloudy and decrease vision.

Bullous keratopathy is a condition in which the cornea becomes permanently swollen. This occurs because the inner layer of the cornea, the endothelium, has been damaged and is no longer pumping fluids out of the tissue.

Causes of Corneal Disease

  • Infection: Bacterial, fungal and viral infections are common causes of corneal damage.
  • The cause of keratoconus in most patients is unknown.
  • Age: Aging processes can affect the clarity and health of the cornea
  • Cataract and intraocular lens implant surgery: Bullous keratopathy occurs in a very small percentage of patients following these procedures.
  • Heredity
  • Contact lenses
  • Eye trauma
  • Certain eye diseases, such as retinitis pigmentosa, retinopathy of prematurity, and vernal keratoconjunctivitis.
  • Systemic diseases, such as Leber’s congenital amaurosis, Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, Down syndrome and osteogenesis imperfecta.

Diagnosing Corneal Disease

Your eye doctor can check for corneal disease and trauma by examining your eyes with magnifying instruments. Using a slit lamp and advanced diagnostic technology such as corneal topography, your doctor can detect early cataracts, corneal scars, and other problems associated with the front structures of the eye. After dilating your eyes, your doctor will also examine your retina for early signs of disease.

Treatment for Corneal Disease

As with any serious eye infection, corneal disease should be treated immediately. Although corneal transplant is almost always the necessary treatment to restore vision when the cornea becomes clouded, there are other measures that can be taken to prolong vision in the early stages of disease.


SCHEDULE AN APPOINTMENT



If you would like to learn more about Corneal Disease call 1-800-244-9907 to make an appointment at Central Valley Eye Medical Group.

CONTACT US FOR MORE INFORMATION

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Dear Friends,

We at Central Valley Eye hope you and your families are well. With COVID-19 infections continuing to rise, we are taking all necessary precautions to keep patients and staff healthy as we continue to provide the eye care that our community needs:
  • Whenever appropriate, we are rescheduling any patients with cough or cold symptoms
  • We have adjusted our schedule to decrease the number of patients in our waiting rooms. You can expect on average between zero and one patient to be in the waiting room at any given time.
  • We have increased our already strict sanitizing practices to extend into the waiting areas and halls.
  • Whenever appropriate, we are diverting visits to telemedicine (by cell phone, tablet, laptop, or desktop). Please contact us for further details at 209-952-3700.



    Additionally, some of our office locations may be closed on certain days. If you are unsure whether to come in for your visit, please call us.

    The doctors at Central Valley Eye will not be performing any non-urgent surgeries until further notice. Our surgery coordinators will be contacting patients to reschedule the surgeries that need to be postponed.

    If you have any questions, please do not hesitate to contact us at 209-952-3700.

    Warmest regards,

    Brandy Simpson
    Practice Manager
    Central Valley Eye Medical Group, Inc.
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